Learn Wine

Wine is an alcoholic drink made by fermenting natural sugars from grapes. Grapes are grown in vineyards. The industry calls winemaking vinification, and the people in the profession vintners.

Wine Classification

The most basic classification of wine is simply by color: red, white, and rosé.

The next classifications is its body. Wines with a light body have a lower density and are more fresh in flavor and aroma. Wines with a full body have a higher density and are more bold in flavor and aroma.

The next way to classify wine is whether carbonation was added or not. Carbonated wine is called sparkling wine. Wine without carbonation is referred to as still wine. Most sparkling wine is white, with less being rosé, and red being uncommon.

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Wine Making

The act of winemaking can be broken down into 3 categories: the ingredients, the process, and the equipment.

Wine has 2 main ingredients and 2 minor ones. The main ingredients are grapes and yeast. The minor ingredients are additives and adjunct flavors.

Grapes for winemaking can be many colors including black, blue, purple, red, pink, green, or tan. The yeast needed for winemaking can either be wild or cultured strain. The process for winemaking is two stages. The first stage includes crushing grapes, pressing the juice out, and fermenting. The second stage includes maturation, aging, and filtering. The second stage requires a lot of space dedicated to barrels/casks of wine.

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Serving Wine

A nominal serving of wine is 5 fl oz (150 mL). Most wine is served closer to 8 fl oz (240 mL), though. Standard wine bottles are 24 oz (750 mL), so one bottle serves 3-4 glasses.

Red wine is usually served at room temperature or slightly below. White wine is usually served chilled around 50 F. Sparkling wine is usually served the coolest around 40 F.

When wine is served, many people enjoy pairing it with food.

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Wine Glassware

The flavor of wine includes sweet sugars, sour acids, dry tannins, and warm alcohol. Serving wine in a glass that provides the right amount of air will keep wine flavors in balance. Most wine glasses slope in toward the mouth to concentrate aromas at your nose.

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English - wine
Spanish - el vino
Italian - vino
French - el vin
German - die wein
Latin - vinum

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