Wine Sensory Characteristics

Visual Appearance

Color

In general, wine can be red, rose, or white.

Legs

Wine with a higher alcohol content can have legs.

Wine Flavor

Dryness

Wine can taste dry from tannins and from acids.

Dryness in wine is a sense of feeling on the tongue and mouth. Dry wine may not sustain a wet feeling on the tongue and mouth for very long, even though it's a liquid. Some wines are more dry than others.

Two characteristics of wine that create dryness are the tannin content and acid content.

Red wine feels dry primarily from tannin content. Red wine has a long maceration, and its tannins are picked up from exposure to the grape seeds and skins. The longer the maceration step is, the drier a wine will be. Also, the thicker the skin of a grape variety is, the drier a wine will be.

White wine feels dry from the acid content. White wine has a short maceration, and has little to no tannin content. The lower the residual sugar content is, the drier a wine will be.

Sweetness

Wine can taste sweet if it has residual sugar that was not processed during fermentation.

Tannins

Acids

Wine Body

Wine Aroma

Alcohol Strength

The amount of alcohol present in wine is measured in a few different ways around the world. Learn about each one in case you come across them someday.

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