Finished wine comes in different containers. Most are glass bottles, but wine can also come in wooden casks and cardboard boxes. The first container used for transporting and serving wine were amphoras.
The majority of wine bottles are 750 mL (24 oz) bottles. They can be as small as 187 mL and as large as several liters. There are classic bottle shapes for sparkling wines, dessert wines, fortified wines, and wines from specific regions. Most wine bottles are made of glass. About 40% of the mass of a standard wine bottle is the glass, so it does affect shipping costs.
Casks are barrels made from planks of hard wood. They are used to store and age wine. Sometimes they are used to dispense wine in restaurants.
The standard cask volume is 225 L (59.4 gal). They can range from 100 L (26.4 gal) to 1,200 L (317 gal). Casks are made in the United States and Europe. The most expensive are French, which cost from $1,200 to $1,500 for a 225 L. American casks cost from $600 to $800 for the same size.
This container style is generally known as boxed wine. Wine is stored in a flexible plastic bag with a . The bag is housed in a rigid cardboard box, which is used for ergonomic handling as well as a surface to print fancy branding images. Some wine drinkers tend to look down on boxed wine, with the opinion that ALL boxed wine is cheap and low quality. However, some more radical wineries have chosen to sell their wine in boxes for its advantages.
The first container used for holding wine was the Amphora. It has a characteristic shape. They were used during the end of the stone age, the copper age, bronze age, and iron age.
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