Winemaking Ingredients

Wine has 3 main ingredients and 2 minor ones.

Water

Most or all of the water in wine comes from the juice inside the grapes. Water is the solvent that all the sugars, acids, and tannins are dissolved into.

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Grapes

Grapes are essential to make wine. It cannot be considered wine unless grapes are used. There are many species and varieties of grapes used in winemaking.

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Yeast

Yeast are responsible for processing grape juice sugars into alcohol. The main species of yeast used in winemaking is Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Additives

Wine additives include sulfites and finings. Sulfites preserve wine against oxidation. Finings are proteins that bond to suspended sediment in aging wine and get them to settle to the bottom.

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